Shell script to compress all JPG images for whole website directories with jpegoptim

One of the main factors of website optimization is to reduce pages size by compressing images, high-quality images with big sizes can reduce the website or pages speed, especially that many of web users are using mobile devices with 3G connection.
Website speed is one of the main factor in Google search ranking.

Google research shows that page that loads in 6 seconds or more could cause 100% or more bounce rate.

Source: Google/SOASTA Research, 2017.

You can test your website with ThinkWithGoogle to get information and report about the website speed and bounce rate. https://testmysite.withgoogle.com


One of the optimization techniques is to compress images to reduce overall page size:

According to Google:

Compressing images and text can be a game changer—30% of pages could save more than 250KB that way. Our analysis shows that the automotive, technology, and business and industrial market sectors have the most room for improvement.  

Source: ThinkWithGoogle

jpegoptim is an optimization and compression tool, available for Linux and FreeBSD. It uses Huffman encoding which works by assigning the most frequent values in an input stream to the encodings with the smallest bit lengths.

jpegoptim can be installed in Ubuntu by apt, and in yum based distributions from EPEL repository, and in FreeBSD from ports /graphics/jpegoptim

I created this script to find all JPG images in the current directory (can be a website root directory), then output the found files in a For Loop for jpegoptim to compress each one. Finally, writes the output of the each image optimized in "jpegoptimLog" log file instead of the terminal.

#!/bin/bash

FINDJPG=`find . -type f -iname *.jpg`  
FILES=$FINDJPG  
for f in $FILES  
do  
  echo "Optimizing" $f
  jpegoptim $f  >> jpegoptimLog
done  

From jpegoptimLog log file:

The jpegoptim command in the bash script can be customized using jpegoptim command options.
jpegoptim options from help:

jpegoptim v1.3.0  Copyright (c) Timo Kokkonen, 1996-2013.  
Usage: jpegoptim [options] <filenames> 

  -d<path>, --dest=<path>
                    specify alternative destination directory for 
                    optimized files (default is to overwrite originals)
  -f, --force       force optimization
  -h, --help        display this help and exit
  -m<quality>, --max=<quality>
                    set maximum image quality factor (disables lossless
                    optimization mode, which is by default on)
                    Valid quality values: 0 - 100
  -n, --noaction    don't really optimize files, just print results
  -S<size>, --size=<size>
                    Try to optimize file to given size (disables lossless
                    optimizaiont mode). Target size is specified either in
                    kilo bytes (1 - n) or as percentage (1% - 99%)
  -T<treshold>, --threshold=<treshold>
                    keep old file if the gain is below a threshold (%)
  -o, --overwrite   overwrite target file even if it exists
  -p, --preserve    preserve file timestamps
  -q, --quiet       quiet mode
  -t, --totals      print totals after processing all files
  -v, --verbose     enable verbose mode (positively chatty)
  -V, --version     print program version

  --strip-all       strip all (Comment & Exif) markers from output file
  --strip-com       strip Comment markers from output file
  --strip-exif      strip Exif markers from output file
  --strip-iptc      strip IPTC markers from output file
  --strip-icc       strip ICC profile markers from output file

  --all-normal      force all output files to be non-progressive
  --all-progressive force all output files to be progressive